Skincare is the practice of cleansing and protecting your face to make it healthy and attractive. A great skincare routine can help reduce dark spots, acne flare-ups and hyperpigmentation while also keeping your skin hydrated.
Skincare specialists assess clients’ skin types and concerns, perform skincare treatments, and educate clients on best practices for home care.
A great cleanser is the cornerstone of any skincare routine and should be used (at least once per day) in both the morning and evening. It’s the best way to remove excess oils, makeup and debris from a long day and prep skin 구월동피부과 for other products that will improve its appearance. It also helps to strengthen the skin barrier and boosts hydration levels, and it’s absolutely essential in maintaining your skin’s health!
Serums, masks and moisturizers get all the hype and a hefty price tag, but cleansers are often the underdog in people’s skincare regimens. The best facial cleansers help to keep skin balanced, hydrated and looking radiant. They can even make pores appear smaller. However, if you choose the wrong cleanser you may be doing more harm than good.
It is important to note that it’s vital to never use a harsh cleanser on your face. This can be damaging to the skin’s surface and cause it to produce more oil, resulting in breakouts and inflammation.
Many beauty companies claim their product will prevent acne, reduce pore size or minimize pores, but these claims are mostly marketing. Ellinor Quay Coyne explains that it’s better to use an oil-based cleanser for an oily or acne-prone skin type and a water-based cleanser for dry or normal skin. This is based on the scientific principle that like dissolves like, and oil-based cleansers can more effectively dissolve oil-based di 구월동피부과 rt, cosmetics, and residue, while water-based cleansers are better at dissolving non-oil-based debris.
There are some skincare steps that are pretty self-explanatory – makeup remover, face wash, moisturizer – but there are others that are more confusing. Take toner, for example: we all know that it helps even out skin tone and cleanses extra oil and debris from your pores, but the actual function of a facial toner is actually more complex than that.
Toners are used after cleansing and before applying serums or moisturizers to help prepare your complexion for your next steps in the routine, and they can also have different functions depending on the ingredients that they contain. For instance, an astringent toner may be useful for clearing away leftover makeup residue and reducing the appearance of pores, while soothing toners with ingredients like rose water or artichoke extract can be good for calming the skin.
And while many of us associate toners with those harsh, alcohol-based solutions from the ’90s and early ’00s (which could irritate sensitive skin), today’s best toners are much gentler. For oily skin, look for a toner with exfoliating ingredients like lactic acid or glycolic acid that can gently boost skin renewal and decongest pores, while dry-skinned users should avoid anything too drying, such as alcohol, in favor of humectants that will draw moisture back into the skin, like propylene glycol and glycerin.
Moisturizers are one of the most important skincare products you can use, no matter your skin type. Moisturizing keeps your face hydrated, soft, and healthy-looking. It also protects against the cold, dry air and harsh environmental factors that can cause your skin to become rough or develop eczema, psoriasis, or acne.
Moistening your skin can help balance your oil production and keep your face from becoming too dry or too oily. It also prevents flaking, itchiness, and makes makeup application easier by keeping your skin supple and smooth. It is recommended to moisturize the skin daily, once in the morning and again at night before going to bed.
The right moisturizer can also provide a fresh appearance, hide blemishes, and create a natural-looking glow. Some moisturizers also contain tints and self-tanners, which can be helpful for those with darker complexions.
Depending on your skin type, it’s recommended to moisturize after you cleanse, tone, and exfoliate. If you’re using additional skin treatments, such as serums or masks, then it’s best to apply them after moisturizing as well, before applying sunscreen. The reason is that these heavier products, such as masks and serums, are meant to penetrate the skin deep down, whereas lighter-consistency items like cleansers, toners, and moisturizers, stay on the surface of the skin. This can lead to less effective results if you put these deeper products on top of the lighter ones.
Sunscreen is one of the most important skincare products to use regularly. It prevents sunburn, skin cancer and premature aging. Everyone — men, women and children over the age of 6 months — should make sunscreen a daily part of their routine. The best type of sunscreen to choose is a broad spectrum one that protects against UVA and UVB rays.
A sunscreen’s SPF (sun protection factor) number is a measure of its ability to protect against UVB radiation, which causes sunburns. Most sunscreens contain a combination of several different sun filters. They are generally categorized as chemical absorbers or physical blockers, depending on their mechanism of action. Chemical sunscreens work by absorbing UVR, excitation and conversion to a lower-energy state. When the absorbed UVR is released back to the skin’s surface, it creates a layer of protection.
Physical blockers are particles that physically scatter or reflect UVR. Sunscreens typically contain a mixture of both kinds of ingredients because each offers different protection against specific wavelengths of UVR.
Some sunscreen ingredients have been associated with endocrine disruption, including 4-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), which was once widely used in many commercial sunscreens. PABA has been shown to cause a form of contact dermatitis called photocontact dermatitis in some people and can trigger allergies to a number of medications, including sulfonamide antibiotics, thiazide diuretics and some local anesthetics.